Terrorism in Southeast Asia

 Terrorism in Southeast Asia Essay

Terrorism in Southeast Asia

Generic Vaughn, Coordinator

Specialist in Asian Affairs

Emma Chanlett-Avery

Specialist in Asian Affairs

Ben Dolven

Section Exploration Manager

Tag E. Manyin

Specialist in Asian Affairs

Michael Farrenheit. Martin

Analyst in Cookware Trade and Finance

Larry A. Niksch

Specialist in Asian Affairs

October 16, 2009

Congressional Research Service

7-5700

www.crs.gov

RL34194

CRS Report intended for Congress

Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress

Terrorism in Southeast Asia

Summary

As September 2001, the United States has grown focus on significant Islamist and terrorist groups in Southeast Asia, specifically those in the Philippines, Dalam negri, Malaysia, Asia, and Singapore. Southeast Asia has been a bottom for terrorist operations. Approach Qaeda penetrated the region by establishing neighborhood cells, teaching Southeast Asians in its camps in Afghanistan, and by financing and cooperating with indigenous radical Islamist groups. Dalam negri and the the southern area of Philippines have been completely particularly prone to penetration simply by Islamic terrorist groups. People of one native network, Jemaah Islamiyah (JI), which has got extensive connections to Approach Qaeda, helped two of the September eleven, 2001 hijackers and have confessed to conspiring and carrying out attacks against Western goals. These include the deadliest terrorist attack seeing that September 2001: the March 2002 bombing in Bali, Indonesia, that killed approximately 200 persons, mostly Americans. Since the Bali bombing in 2002, crackdowns by various governments inside the region—encouraged and in some cases supported by the U. T. government and military— are believed to have weakened JI to such an magnitude that it essentially is no longer a regional business, but rather is definitely one confined to Indonesia, which includes individuals even now operating in the southern Korea. The awkward of JI's leadership structure is believed to have modified the group's strategy. Even more violent, anti-Western JI associates have created breakaway skin cells. In Sept. 2010 2009, Indonesian authorities claimed they had wiped out the leader of one such cell, Noordin Prophet Top. Noordin is believed to have been responsible for organizing the nearsimultaneous July 17, 2009 bombings with the J. Watts. Marriot and Ritz-Carlton resorts in Jakarta. The bombings were the first effective anti-Western terrorist attack in Indonesia in four years. Their sophistication triggered speculation that Al Qaeda had renewed ties with Best. To battle the risk, the U. S. offers pressed countries in the region to arrest supposed terrorist individuals and agencies, funded and trained Indonesia's elite counter-terrorist unit, and deployed soldiers to the the southern area of Philippines to advise the Philippine army in their battle against the chaotic Abu Sayyaf Group. They have also created a Regional Ocean going Security Initiative to enhance protection in the Straits of Malacca, increased brains sharing procedures, restarted military-military relations with Indonesia, and provided or perhaps requested via Congress substantial aid pertaining to Indonesia and the Philippines. Also, since 2001, Thailand as well as the United States have substantially improved their anti-terrorism cooperation.

The responses of countries in the region to both the menace and to the U. H. reaction generally have varied with the power of their problems about the threat to their own balance and household politics. On the whole, Singapore, Malaysia, and the Korea were speedy to split down on militant groups and promote intelligence with all the United States and Australia, whereas Indonesia began to do so simply after disorders or arrests revealed the severity with the threat to its residents. Since that time, Indonesian authorities have been aggressive within their pursuit of terrorists and extremist groups. Many governments perspective increased American pressure and military existence in their region with ambivalence because of the personal sensitivity of the issue with both equally mainstream Islamic and...

Backlinks: Bolster Asia Militants, ” The Wall Street Journal Europe, Aug 31,

2009.

98

Prospecting Militants in Southern Asia, International Catastrophe Group, Summer 22, 2009

rise in physical violence in 2009. 90 Abhisit offers pledged to take back a few level of policy from the

armed service, and on September 23, 2009, announced that the Southern Border Provinces Administrative

" Killings in The southern part of Thailand going up, ” New York Times, September 31, 2009.


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